Forest Resource Governance and Policy in Nepal: An Analysis and Status of CFUGs in Nawalparasi District

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Devi Prasad Paudel


This paper attempts to explain the concept of governance system in the context of community forestry of Nepal. This study was conducted in Nawalparasi district and information was collected through observation, focus group discussions, key informant interview as well as analyze the secondary information.This paper has tried to provide a brief discussion regarding the development process of CFUGs and their governance system. The paper has analyzed the organizational characteristics of the study area, especially focus on formulation and registration of forest user groups, major activities, size of membership, membership fees, rules and regulations of users, linkages with other organizations and decision making process of community forest user groups in the study area. It was found that all community forest user group members do not actively participate in important decisions regarding the community forestry program in the Terai. Some CFUG members are not satisfied with the results of CFUG decisions. The CFUG executive committee is dominated by the elite class and has not managed for a proportionate number of women and members of disadvantaged group as well. In the CFUG meetings, women play a much smaller role in the decision-making process as compared to men in the study area.The paper concludes that establishment of good forest governance is the foundation of community forestry, which is required for sustainable forest management and its improvement especially for livelihood of the rural people.

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How to Cite
Paudel, D. P. (2017). Forest Resource Governance and Policy in Nepal: An Analysis and Status of CFUGs in Nawalparasi District. South Asian Journal of Policy and Governance, 39(2), 45–63. Retrieved from